Calculate the readability of text(s) using one of a variety of computed indexes.

textstat_readability(x, measure = c("all", "ARI", "ARI.simple", "Bormuth",
  "Bormuth.GP", "Coleman", "Coleman.C2", "Coleman.Liau", "Coleman.Liau.grade",
  "Coleman.Liau.short", "Dale.Chall", "Dale.Chall.old", "Dale.Chall.PSK",
  "Danielson.Bryan", "Danielson.Bryan.2", "Dickes.Steiwer", "DRP", "ELF",
  "Farr.Jenkins.Paterson", "Flesch", "Flesch.PSK", "Flesch.Kincaid", "FOG",
  "FOG.PSK", "FOG.NRI", "FORCAST", "FORCAST.RGL", "Fucks", "Linsear.Write",
  "LIW", "nWS", "nWS.2", "nWS.3", "nWS.4", "RIX", "Scrabble", "SMOG", "SMOG.C",
  "SMOG.simple",      "SMOG.de", "Spache", "Spache.old", "Strain",
  "Traenkle.Bailer", "Traenkle.Bailer.2", "Wheeler.Smith", "meanSentenceLength",
  "meanWordSyllables"), remove_hyphens = TRUE, min_sentence_length = 1,
  max_sentence_length = 10000, ...)

Arguments

x

a character or corpus object containing the texts

measure

character vector defining the readability measure to calculate. Matches are case-insensitive.

remove_hyphens

if TRUE, treat constituent words in hyphenated as separate terms, for purposes of computing word lengths, e.g. "decision-making" as two terms of lengths 8 and 6 characters respectively, rather than as a single word of 15 characters

min_sentence_length, max_sentence_length

set the minimum and maximum sentence lengths (in tokens, excluding punctuation) to include in the computation of readability. This makes it easy to exclude "sentences" that may not really be sentences, such as section titles, table elements, and other cruft that might be in the texts following conversion.

For finer-grained control, consider filtering sentences prior first, including through pattern-matching, using corpus_trim.

...

not used

Value

textstat_readability returns a data.frame of documents and their readability scores.

Examples

txt <- c("Readability zero one. Ten, Eleven.", "The cat in a dilapidated tophat.") textstat_readability(txt, "Flesch.Kincaid")
#> document Flesch.Kincaid #> 1 text1 13.705000 #> 2 text2 8.383333
textstat_readability(txt, c("FOG", "FOG.PSK", "FOG.NRI"))
#> document FOG FOG.PSK FOG.NRI #> 1 text1 17.000000 4.608659 -1.3875 #> 2 text2 9.066667 3.254382 -1.2600
inaugReadability <- textstat_readability(data_corpus_inaugural, "all") cor(inaugReadability[,-1])
#> ARI ARI.simple Bormuth Bormuth.GP #> ARI 1.00000000 0.999985813 -0.99188017 0.90232231 #> ARI.simple 0.99998581 1.000000000 -0.99254312 0.90363285 #> Bormuth -0.99188017 -0.992543125 1.00000000 -0.92665498 #> Bormuth.GP 0.90232231 0.903632850 -0.92665498 1.00000000 #> Coleman -0.57842561 -0.574425719 0.47841665 -0.34186891 #> Coleman.C2 -0.76781514 -0.764705749 0.68780777 -0.51669363 #> Coleman.Liau -0.80785899 -0.804736665 0.72721217 -0.55936385 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.80785899 0.804736665 -0.72721217 0.55936385 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.80788731 0.804765212 -0.72724574 0.55939187 #> Dale.Chall -0.99099423 -0.991693434 0.99996713 -0.92746308 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.99099423 0.991693434 -0.99996713 0.92746308 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.99099423 0.991693434 -0.99996713 0.92746308 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99708146 0.996677212 -0.97962805 0.88486422 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.31030344 -0.305238155 0.18706023 -0.04006627 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99844204 -0.998703929 0.99691688 -0.91329434 #> DRP 0.99188017 0.992543125 -1.00000000 0.92665498 #> ELF 0.99594813 0.995835853 -0.98541527 0.89837506 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.99154201 -0.992219215 0.99998536 -0.92696268 #> Flesch -0.96831214 -0.967086924 0.93162624 -0.82257543 #> Flesch.PSK 0.98543988 0.984630595 -0.95852762 0.85630865 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.99828644 0.998096618 -0.98602857 0.89508980 #> Coleman Coleman.C2 Coleman.Liau Coleman.Liau.grade #> ARI -0.5784256 -0.7678151 -0.8078590 0.8078590 #> ARI.simple -0.5744257 -0.7647057 -0.8047367 0.8047367 #> Bormuth 0.4784167 0.6878078 0.7272122 -0.7272122 #> Bormuth.GP -0.3418689 -0.5166936 -0.5593638 0.5593638 #> Coleman 1.0000000 0.9578621 0.9027073 -0.9027073 #> Coleman.C2 0.9578621 1.0000000 0.9676044 -0.9676044 #> Coleman.Liau 0.9027073 0.9676044 1.0000000 -1.0000000 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.9027073 -0.9676044 -1.0000000 1.0000000 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.9026909 -0.9676038 -1.0000000 1.0000000 #> Dale.Chall 0.4728710 0.6830083 0.7223808 -0.7223808 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.4728710 -0.6830083 -0.7223808 0.7223808 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.4728710 -0.6830083 -0.7223808 0.7223808 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.6320177 -0.8068048 -0.8471402 0.8471402 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.8922077 0.7931428 0.8066665 -0.8066665 #> Dickes.Steiwer 0.5390065 0.7368282 0.7764052 -0.7764052 #> DRP -0.4784167 -0.6878078 -0.7272122 0.7272122 #> ELF -0.6127006 -0.7903882 -0.8134246 0.8134246 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 0.4768093 0.6862258 0.7252233 -0.7252233 #> Flesch 0.7524555 0.8921701 0.9145879 -0.9145879 #> Flesch.PSK -0.6991742 -0.8564052 -0.8829007 0.8829007 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.6124186 -0.7933597 -0.8255002 0.8255002 #> Coleman.Liau.short Dale.Chall Dale.Chall.old #> ARI 0.8078873 -0.99099423 0.99099423 #> ARI.simple 0.8047652 -0.99169343 0.99169343 #> Bormuth -0.7272457 0.99996713 -0.99996713 #> Bormuth.GP 0.5593919 -0.92746308 0.92746308 #> Coleman -0.9026909 0.47287100 -0.47287100 #> Coleman.C2 -0.9676038 0.68300831 -0.68300831 #> Coleman.Liau -1.0000000 0.72238083 -0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 1.0000000 -0.72238083 0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.short 1.0000000 -0.72241463 0.72241463 #> Dale.Chall -0.7224146 1.00000000 -1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.7224146 -1.00000000 1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.7224146 -1.00000000 1.00000000 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.8471650 -0.97829531 0.97829531 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.8066351 0.18028533 -0.18028533 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.7764357 0.99638999 -0.99638999 #> DRP 0.7272457 -0.99996713 0.99996713 #> ELF 0.8134514 -0.98451149 0.98451149 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.7252569 0.99998999 -0.99998999 #> Flesch -0.9146054 0.92913685 -0.92913685 #> Flesch.PSK 0.8829221 -0.95657238 0.95657238 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.8255270 -0.98488025 0.98488025 #> Dale.Chall.PSK Danielson.Bryan Danielson.Bryan.2 #> ARI 0.99099423 0.99708146 -0.31030344 #> ARI.simple 0.99169343 0.99667721 -0.30523815 #> Bormuth -0.99996713 -0.97962805 0.18706023 #> Bormuth.GP 0.92746308 0.88486422 -0.04006627 #> Coleman -0.47287100 -0.63201768 0.89220768 #> Coleman.C2 -0.68300831 -0.80680483 0.79314280 #> Coleman.Liau -0.72238083 -0.84714024 0.80666655 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.72238083 0.84714024 -0.80666655 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.72241463 0.84716497 -0.80663507 #> Dale.Chall -1.00000000 -0.97829531 0.18028533 #> Dale.Chall.old 1.00000000 0.97829531 -0.18028533 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 1.00000000 0.97829531 -0.18028533 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.97829531 1.00000000 -0.37865977 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.18028533 -0.37865977 1.00000000 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99638999 -0.99178586 0.26101392 #> DRP 0.99996713 0.97962805 -0.18706023 #> ELF 0.98451149 0.99535015 -0.32598561 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.99998999 -0.97914589 0.18438177 #> Flesch -0.92913685 -0.98231683 0.51737927 #> Flesch.PSK 0.95657238 0.99363576 -0.44828841 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.98488025 0.99786963 -0.34148774 #> Dickes.Steiwer DRP ELF #> ARI -0.99844204 0.99188017 0.99594813 #> ARI.simple -0.99870393 0.99254312 0.99583585 #> Bormuth 0.99691688 -1.00000000 -0.98541527 #> Bormuth.GP -0.91329434 0.92665498 0.89837506 #> Coleman 0.53900648 -0.47841665 -0.61270055 #> Coleman.C2 0.73682822 -0.68780777 -0.79038825 #> Coleman.Liau 0.77640516 -0.72721217 -0.81342458 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.77640516 0.72721217 0.81342458 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.77643567 0.72724574 0.81345135 #> Dale.Chall 0.99638999 -0.99996713 -0.98451149 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.99638999 0.99996713 0.98451149 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.99638999 0.99996713 0.98451149 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.99178586 0.97962805 0.99535015 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.26101392 -0.18706023 -0.32598561 #> Dickes.Steiwer 1.00000000 -0.99691688 -0.99345440 #> DRP -0.99691688 1.00000000 0.98541527 #> ELF -0.99345440 0.98541527 1.00000000 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 0.99672456 -0.99998536 -0.98524897 #> Flesch 0.95524130 -0.93162624 -0.97375531 #> Flesch.PSK -0.97634394 0.95852762 0.98827872 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.99512741 0.98602857 0.99727425 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson Flesch Flesch.PSK #> ARI -0.99154201 -0.9683121 0.98543988 #> ARI.simple -0.99221922 -0.9670869 0.98463060 #> Bormuth 0.99998536 0.9316262 -0.95852762 #> Bormuth.GP -0.92696268 -0.8225754 0.85630865 #> Coleman 0.47680930 0.7524555 -0.69917416 #> Coleman.C2 0.68622584 0.8921701 -0.85640522 #> Coleman.Liau 0.72522331 0.9145879 -0.88290067 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.72522331 -0.9145879 0.88290067 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.72525694 -0.9146054 0.88292206 #> Dale.Chall 0.99998999 0.9291368 -0.95657238 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.99998999 -0.9291368 0.95657238 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.99998999 -0.9291368 0.95657238 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.97914589 -0.9823168 0.99363576 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.18438177 0.5173793 -0.44828841 #> Dickes.Steiwer 0.99672456 0.9552413 -0.97634394 #> DRP -0.99998536 -0.9316262 0.95852762 #> ELF -0.98524897 -0.9737553 0.98827872 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 1.00000000 0.9307176 -0.95781641 #> Flesch 0.93071764 1.0000000 -0.99656281 #> Flesch.PSK -0.95781641 -0.9965628 1.00000000 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.98561541 -0.9791403 0.99260681 #> Flesch.Kincaid FOG FOG.PSK FOG.NRI #> ARI 0.99828644 0.99534334 0.9980495 0.4905310 #> ARI.simple 0.99809662 0.99501238 0.9983218 0.4892834 #> Bormuth -0.98602857 -0.97973311 -0.9967939 -0.4571761 #> Bormuth.GP 0.89508980 0.88272558 0.9136641 0.3361798 #> Coleman -0.61241856 -0.62791369 -0.5401789 -0.4679026 #> Coleman.C2 -0.79335974 -0.80512019 -0.7376615 -0.5350724 #> Coleman.Liau -0.82550024 -0.83906193 -0.7749720 -0.5426918 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.82550024 0.83906193 0.7749720 0.5426918 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.82552702 0.83908765 0.7750026 0.5426992 #> Dale.Chall -0.98488025 -0.97841468 -0.9962621 -0.4549252 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.98488025 0.97841468 0.9962621 0.4549252 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.98488025 0.97841468 0.9962621 0.4549252 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99786963 0.99695239 0.9912643 0.5028375 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.34148774 -0.36653699 -0.2590925 -0.3671130 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99512741 -0.99112313 -0.9994543 -0.4649778 #> DRP 0.98602857 0.97973311 0.9967939 0.4571761 #> ELF 0.99727425 0.99443432 0.9938624 0.4952706 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.98561541 -0.97924413 -0.9966030 -0.4562044 #> Flesch -0.97914032 -0.98344165 -0.9567470 -0.5313693 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99260681 0.99454929 0.9775024 0.5208520 #> Flesch.Kincaid 1.00000000 0.99846226 0.9957626 0.4989686 #> FORCAST FORCAST.RGL Fucks Linsear.Write #> ARI 0.5784256 0.5784256 0.997730647 0.98324412 #> ARI.simple 0.5744257 0.5744257 0.998049346 0.98272675 #> Bormuth -0.4784167 -0.4784167 -0.997515204 -0.96316927 #> Bormuth.GP 0.3418689 0.3418689 0.919893732 0.88236447 #> Coleman -1.0000000 -1.0000000 -0.530595415 -0.65408730 #> Coleman.C2 -0.9578621 -0.9578621 -0.727965258 -0.81398206 #> Coleman.Liau -0.9027073 -0.9027073 -0.768184772 -0.84460735 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.9027073 0.9027073 0.768184772 0.84460735 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.9026909 0.9026909 0.768215251 0.84462952 #> Dale.Chall -0.4728710 -0.4728710 -0.997112805 -0.96173384 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.4728710 0.4728710 0.997112805 0.96173384 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.4728710 0.4728710 0.997112805 0.96173384 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.6320177 0.6320177 0.990775706 0.98940268 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.8922077 -0.8922077 -0.249745678 -0.39525523 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.5390065 -0.5390065 -0.999407002 -0.97750750 #> DRP 0.4784167 0.4784167 0.997515204 0.96316927 #> ELF 0.6127006 0.6127006 0.993623225 0.98844709 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.4768093 -0.4768093 -0.997402917 -0.96273644 #> Flesch -0.7524555 -0.7524555 -0.951964715 -0.98424870 #> Flesch.PSK 0.6991742 0.6991742 0.973922677 0.99144816 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.6124186 0.6124186 0.993989409 0.98967358 #> LIW nWS nWS.2 nWS.3 #> ARI 0.99534363 0.9716012 0.97550799 0.98501356 #> ARI.simple 0.99493616 0.9704382 0.97443531 0.98427247 #> Bormuth -0.97782198 -0.9362833 -0.94231463 -0.95970981 #> Bormuth.GP 0.88013733 0.8218265 0.82921349 0.85402853 #> Coleman -0.64151385 -0.7435480 -0.72971888 -0.68262459 #> Coleman.C2 -0.81448329 -0.8869623 -0.87759182 -0.84444185 #> Coleman.Liau -0.84663781 -0.9108590 -0.90420615 -0.87578843 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.84663781 0.9108590 0.90420615 0.87578843 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.84666264 0.9108773 0.90422529 0.87581059 #> Dale.Chall -0.97649153 -0.9339636 -0.94010518 -0.95786413 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.97649153 0.9339636 0.94010518 0.95786413 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.97649153 0.9339636 0.94010518 0.95786413 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99817496 0.9848656 0.98751970 0.99235519 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.37953455 -0.5077365 -0.49287612 -0.43696629 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99028645 -0.9594714 -0.96426773 -0.97697873 #> DRP 0.97782198 0.9362833 0.94231463 0.95970981 #> ELF 0.99591724 0.9767864 0.97966902 0.98635632 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.97739468 -0.9354875 -0.94154405 -0.95902099 #> Flesch -0.98395156 -0.9980699 -0.99747205 -0.99333954 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99452041 0.9961226 0.99702731 0.99774824 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.99764432 0.9808885 0.98398342 0.99180645 #> nWS.4 RIX Scrabble SMOG #> ARI 0.99487148 0.99222014 -0.0112182516 0.97393941 #> ARI.simple 0.99451326 0.99191614 -0.0093650938 0.97295999 #> Bormuth -0.97861519 -0.97704126 -0.0333496851 -0.94303306 #> Bormuth.GP 0.88101179 0.89115856 -0.0158199992 0.82113760 #> Coleman -0.63167564 -0.62921060 0.3522407942 -0.71333148 #> Coleman.C2 -0.80789970 -0.79924879 0.2472067525 -0.86811865 #> Coleman.Liau -0.84167664 -0.82960560 0.1918831342 -0.89524825 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.84167664 0.82960560 -0.1918831342 0.89524825 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.84170213 0.82963012 -0.1918617971 0.89526894 #> Dale.Chall -0.97726151 -0.97599601 -0.0354646177 -0.94089430 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.97726151 0.97599601 0.0354646177 0.94089430 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.97726151 0.97599601 0.0354646177 0.94089430 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99686096 0.99500484 -0.0367962483 0.98460337 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.37128519 -0.35912065 0.3211432536 -0.47640589 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99039744 -0.98825075 -0.0143478880 -0.96367176 #> DRP 0.97861519 0.97704126 0.0333496851 0.94303306 #> ELF 0.99411156 0.99677384 -0.0411360767 0.97747350 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.97811285 -0.97683788 -0.0335901823 -0.94224804 #> Flesch -0.98430842 -0.97797435 0.1056725636 -0.99453689 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99497427 0.98969704 -0.0753648675 0.99489006 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.99823466 0.99457144 -0.0300226725 0.98304183 #> SMOG.C SMOG.simple SMOG.de Spache #> ARI 0.97457741 0.97393941 0.97393941 0.99099423 #> ARI.simple 0.97361454 0.97295999 0.97295999 0.99169343 #> Bormuth -0.94405248 -0.94303306 -0.94303306 -0.99996713 #> Bormuth.GP 0.82339465 0.82113760 0.82113760 0.92746308 #> Coleman -0.71131513 -0.71333148 -0.71333148 -0.47287100 #> Coleman.C2 -0.86636103 -0.86811865 -0.86811865 -0.68300831 #> Coleman.Liau -0.89368168 -0.89524825 -0.89524825 -0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.89368168 0.89524825 0.89524825 0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.89370243 0.89526894 0.89526894 0.72241463 #> Dale.Chall -0.94194286 -0.94089430 -0.94089430 -1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.94194286 0.94089430 0.94089430 1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.94194286 0.94089430 0.94089430 1.00000000 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.98509384 0.98460337 0.98460337 0.97829531 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.47358728 -0.47640589 -0.47640589 -0.18028533 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.96447120 -0.96367176 -0.96367176 -0.99638999 #> DRP 0.94405248 0.94303306 0.94303306 0.99996713 #> ELF 0.97820253 0.97747350 0.97747350 0.98451149 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.94328383 -0.94224804 -0.94224804 -0.99998999 #> Flesch -0.99442699 -0.99453689 -0.99453689 -0.92913685 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99503836 0.99489006 0.99489006 0.95657238 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.98356657 0.98304183 0.98304183 0.98488025 #> Spache.old Strain Traenkle.Bailer #> ARI 0.99099423 0.9976064239 -0.999223850 #> ARI.simple 0.99169343 0.9978635733 -0.999411499 #> Bormuth -0.99996713 -0.9959605646 0.995931694 #> Bormuth.GP 0.92746308 0.9201367937 -0.910151256 #> Coleman -0.47287100 -0.5461292792 0.549146837 #> Coleman.C2 -0.68300831 -0.7394040240 0.745171965 #> Coleman.Liau -0.72238083 -0.7744192348 0.785328440 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.72238083 0.7744192348 -0.785328440 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.72241463 0.7744490784 -0.785358433 #> Dale.Chall -1.00000000 -0.9954423736 0.995298661 #> Dale.Chall.old 1.00000000 0.9954423736 -0.995298661 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 1.00000000 0.9954423736 -0.995298661 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.97829531 0.9916468644 -0.993491902 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.18028533 -0.2608961180 0.274099704 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99638999 -0.9987560895 0.999594489 #> DRP 0.99996713 0.9959605646 -0.995931694 #> ELF 0.98451149 0.9957646921 -0.994372531 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.99998999 -0.9958154056 0.995687365 #> Flesch -0.92913685 -0.9579641510 0.959086871 #> Flesch.PSK 0.95657238 0.9782782859 -0.979131224 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.98488025 0.9958824210 -0.996329486 #> Traenkle.Bailer.2 Wheeler.Smith meanSentenceLength #> ARI -0.7549178 0.99594813 0.99099423 #> ARI.simple -0.7514487 0.99583585 0.99169343 #> Bormuth 0.6663152 -0.98541527 -0.99996713 #> Bormuth.GP -0.5147186 0.89837506 0.92746308 #> Coleman 0.9206771 -0.61270055 -0.47287100 #> Coleman.C2 0.9574552 -0.79038825 -0.68300831 #> Coleman.Liau 0.9904793 -0.81342458 -0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.9904793 0.81342458 0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.9904734 0.81345135 0.72241463 #> Dale.Chall 0.6611792 -0.98451149 -1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.6611792 0.98451149 1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.6611792 0.98451149 1.00000000 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.7999586 0.99535015 0.97829531 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.8509255 -0.32598561 -0.18028533 #> Dickes.Steiwer 0.7195290 -0.99345440 -0.99638999 #> DRP -0.6663152 0.98541527 0.99996713 #> ELF -0.7636349 1.00000000 0.98451149 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 0.6642605 -0.98524897 -0.99998999 #> Flesch 0.8800874 -0.97375531 -0.92913685 #> Flesch.PSK -0.8419885 0.98827872 0.95657238 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.7757025 0.99727425 0.98488025 #> meanWordSyllables #> ARI 0.6762172 #> ARI.simple 0.6724762 #> Bormuth -0.5818750 #> Bormuth.GP 0.4479544 #> Coleman -0.9645525 #> Coleman.C2 -0.9629188 #> Coleman.Liau -0.9543023 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.9543023 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.9542911 #> Dale.Chall -0.5763242 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.5763242 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.5763242 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.7259320 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.8772134 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.6393556 #> DRP 0.5818750 #> ELF 0.6978253 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.5798330 #> Flesch -0.8376402 #> Flesch.PSK 0.7895116 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.7091829 #> [ reached getOption("max.print") -- omitted 26 rows ]
textstat_readability(data_corpus_inaugural, measure = "Flesch.Kincaid")
#> document Flesch.Kincaid #> 1 1789-Washington 28.432155 #> 2 1793-Washington 17.151759 #> 3 1797-Adams 28.692087 #> 4 1801-Jefferson 19.295924 #> 5 1805-Jefferson 21.917088 #> 6 1809-Madison 25.557611 #> 7 1813-Madison 18.034452 #> 8 1817-Monroe 14.443950 #> 9 1821-Monroe 16.773058 #> 10 1825-Adams 19.748273 #> 11 1829-Jackson 21.893148 #> 12 1833-Jackson 19.958757 #> 13 1837-VanBuren 20.263524 #> 14 1841-Harrison 19.355855 #> 15 1845-Polk 16.406306 #> 16 1849-Taylor 23.748805 #> 17 1853-Pierce 16.438241 #> 18 1857-Buchanan 16.110868 #> 19 1861-Lincoln 13.661936 #> 20 1865-Lincoln 11.774929 #> 21 1869-Grant 14.008426 #> 22 1873-Grant 15.082444 #> 23 1877-Hayes 20.297851 #> 24 1881-Garfield 14.042973 #> 25 1885-Cleveland 19.052937 #> 26 1889-Harrison 14.944583 #> 27 1893-Cleveland 18.248838 #> 28 1897-McKinley 15.854298 #> 29 1901-McKinley 12.728640 #> 30 1905-Roosevelt 13.959254 #> 31 1909-Taft 17.099757 #> 32 1913-Wilson 11.707659 #> 33 1917-Wilson 11.780913 #> 34 1921-Harding 13.214469 #> 35 1925-Coolidge 11.626699 #> 36 1929-Hoover 13.259377 #> 37 1933-Roosevelt 11.640683 #> 38 1937-Roosevelt 10.619558 #> 39 1941-Roosevelt 9.687985 #> 40 1945-Roosevelt 9.175680 #> 41 1949-Truman 11.328244 #> 42 1953-Eisenhower 10.328852 #> 43 1957-Eisenhower 8.094908 #> 44 1961-Kennedy 11.822997 #> 45 1965-Johnson 7.550602 #> 46 1969-Nixon 9.235663 #> 47 1973-Nixon 12.288965 #> 48 1977-Carter 11.670742 #> 49 1981-Reagan 9.798608 #> 50 1985-Reagan 10.420294 #> 51 1989-Bush 7.147029 #> 52 1993-Clinton 10.374204 #> 53 1997-Clinton 9.828863 #> 54 2001-Bush 8.918201 #> 55 2005-Bush 11.036277 #> 56 2009-Obama 10.229426 #> 57 2013-Obama 11.734767 #> 58 2017-Trump 9.163084
inaugReadability <- textstat_readability(data_corpus_inaugural, "all") cor(inaugReadability[,-1])
#> ARI ARI.simple Bormuth Bormuth.GP #> ARI 1.00000000 0.999985813 -0.99188017 0.90232231 #> ARI.simple 0.99998581 1.000000000 -0.99254312 0.90363285 #> Bormuth -0.99188017 -0.992543125 1.00000000 -0.92665498 #> Bormuth.GP 0.90232231 0.903632850 -0.92665498 1.00000000 #> Coleman -0.57842561 -0.574425719 0.47841665 -0.34186891 #> Coleman.C2 -0.76781514 -0.764705749 0.68780777 -0.51669363 #> Coleman.Liau -0.80785899 -0.804736665 0.72721217 -0.55936385 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.80785899 0.804736665 -0.72721217 0.55936385 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.80788731 0.804765212 -0.72724574 0.55939187 #> Dale.Chall -0.99099423 -0.991693434 0.99996713 -0.92746308 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.99099423 0.991693434 -0.99996713 0.92746308 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.99099423 0.991693434 -0.99996713 0.92746308 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99708146 0.996677212 -0.97962805 0.88486422 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.31030344 -0.305238155 0.18706023 -0.04006627 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99844204 -0.998703929 0.99691688 -0.91329434 #> DRP 0.99188017 0.992543125 -1.00000000 0.92665498 #> ELF 0.99594813 0.995835853 -0.98541527 0.89837506 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.99154201 -0.992219215 0.99998536 -0.92696268 #> Flesch -0.96831214 -0.967086924 0.93162624 -0.82257543 #> Flesch.PSK 0.98543988 0.984630595 -0.95852762 0.85630865 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.99828644 0.998096618 -0.98602857 0.89508980 #> Coleman Coleman.C2 Coleman.Liau Coleman.Liau.grade #> ARI -0.5784256 -0.7678151 -0.8078590 0.8078590 #> ARI.simple -0.5744257 -0.7647057 -0.8047367 0.8047367 #> Bormuth 0.4784167 0.6878078 0.7272122 -0.7272122 #> Bormuth.GP -0.3418689 -0.5166936 -0.5593638 0.5593638 #> Coleman 1.0000000 0.9578621 0.9027073 -0.9027073 #> Coleman.C2 0.9578621 1.0000000 0.9676044 -0.9676044 #> Coleman.Liau 0.9027073 0.9676044 1.0000000 -1.0000000 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.9027073 -0.9676044 -1.0000000 1.0000000 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.9026909 -0.9676038 -1.0000000 1.0000000 #> Dale.Chall 0.4728710 0.6830083 0.7223808 -0.7223808 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.4728710 -0.6830083 -0.7223808 0.7223808 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.4728710 -0.6830083 -0.7223808 0.7223808 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.6320177 -0.8068048 -0.8471402 0.8471402 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.8922077 0.7931428 0.8066665 -0.8066665 #> Dickes.Steiwer 0.5390065 0.7368282 0.7764052 -0.7764052 #> DRP -0.4784167 -0.6878078 -0.7272122 0.7272122 #> ELF -0.6127006 -0.7903882 -0.8134246 0.8134246 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 0.4768093 0.6862258 0.7252233 -0.7252233 #> Flesch 0.7524555 0.8921701 0.9145879 -0.9145879 #> Flesch.PSK -0.6991742 -0.8564052 -0.8829007 0.8829007 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.6124186 -0.7933597 -0.8255002 0.8255002 #> Coleman.Liau.short Dale.Chall Dale.Chall.old #> ARI 0.8078873 -0.99099423 0.99099423 #> ARI.simple 0.8047652 -0.99169343 0.99169343 #> Bormuth -0.7272457 0.99996713 -0.99996713 #> Bormuth.GP 0.5593919 -0.92746308 0.92746308 #> Coleman -0.9026909 0.47287100 -0.47287100 #> Coleman.C2 -0.9676038 0.68300831 -0.68300831 #> Coleman.Liau -1.0000000 0.72238083 -0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 1.0000000 -0.72238083 0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.short 1.0000000 -0.72241463 0.72241463 #> Dale.Chall -0.7224146 1.00000000 -1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.7224146 -1.00000000 1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.7224146 -1.00000000 1.00000000 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.8471650 -0.97829531 0.97829531 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.8066351 0.18028533 -0.18028533 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.7764357 0.99638999 -0.99638999 #> DRP 0.7272457 -0.99996713 0.99996713 #> ELF 0.8134514 -0.98451149 0.98451149 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.7252569 0.99998999 -0.99998999 #> Flesch -0.9146054 0.92913685 -0.92913685 #> Flesch.PSK 0.8829221 -0.95657238 0.95657238 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.8255270 -0.98488025 0.98488025 #> Dale.Chall.PSK Danielson.Bryan Danielson.Bryan.2 #> ARI 0.99099423 0.99708146 -0.31030344 #> ARI.simple 0.99169343 0.99667721 -0.30523815 #> Bormuth -0.99996713 -0.97962805 0.18706023 #> Bormuth.GP 0.92746308 0.88486422 -0.04006627 #> Coleman -0.47287100 -0.63201768 0.89220768 #> Coleman.C2 -0.68300831 -0.80680483 0.79314280 #> Coleman.Liau -0.72238083 -0.84714024 0.80666655 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.72238083 0.84714024 -0.80666655 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.72241463 0.84716497 -0.80663507 #> Dale.Chall -1.00000000 -0.97829531 0.18028533 #> Dale.Chall.old 1.00000000 0.97829531 -0.18028533 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 1.00000000 0.97829531 -0.18028533 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.97829531 1.00000000 -0.37865977 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.18028533 -0.37865977 1.00000000 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99638999 -0.99178586 0.26101392 #> DRP 0.99996713 0.97962805 -0.18706023 #> ELF 0.98451149 0.99535015 -0.32598561 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.99998999 -0.97914589 0.18438177 #> Flesch -0.92913685 -0.98231683 0.51737927 #> Flesch.PSK 0.95657238 0.99363576 -0.44828841 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.98488025 0.99786963 -0.34148774 #> Dickes.Steiwer DRP ELF #> ARI -0.99844204 0.99188017 0.99594813 #> ARI.simple -0.99870393 0.99254312 0.99583585 #> Bormuth 0.99691688 -1.00000000 -0.98541527 #> Bormuth.GP -0.91329434 0.92665498 0.89837506 #> Coleman 0.53900648 -0.47841665 -0.61270055 #> Coleman.C2 0.73682822 -0.68780777 -0.79038825 #> Coleman.Liau 0.77640516 -0.72721217 -0.81342458 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.77640516 0.72721217 0.81342458 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.77643567 0.72724574 0.81345135 #> Dale.Chall 0.99638999 -0.99996713 -0.98451149 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.99638999 0.99996713 0.98451149 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.99638999 0.99996713 0.98451149 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.99178586 0.97962805 0.99535015 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.26101392 -0.18706023 -0.32598561 #> Dickes.Steiwer 1.00000000 -0.99691688 -0.99345440 #> DRP -0.99691688 1.00000000 0.98541527 #> ELF -0.99345440 0.98541527 1.00000000 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 0.99672456 -0.99998536 -0.98524897 #> Flesch 0.95524130 -0.93162624 -0.97375531 #> Flesch.PSK -0.97634394 0.95852762 0.98827872 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.99512741 0.98602857 0.99727425 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson Flesch Flesch.PSK #> ARI -0.99154201 -0.9683121 0.98543988 #> ARI.simple -0.99221922 -0.9670869 0.98463060 #> Bormuth 0.99998536 0.9316262 -0.95852762 #> Bormuth.GP -0.92696268 -0.8225754 0.85630865 #> Coleman 0.47680930 0.7524555 -0.69917416 #> Coleman.C2 0.68622584 0.8921701 -0.85640522 #> Coleman.Liau 0.72522331 0.9145879 -0.88290067 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.72522331 -0.9145879 0.88290067 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.72525694 -0.9146054 0.88292206 #> Dale.Chall 0.99998999 0.9291368 -0.95657238 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.99998999 -0.9291368 0.95657238 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.99998999 -0.9291368 0.95657238 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.97914589 -0.9823168 0.99363576 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.18438177 0.5173793 -0.44828841 #> Dickes.Steiwer 0.99672456 0.9552413 -0.97634394 #> DRP -0.99998536 -0.9316262 0.95852762 #> ELF -0.98524897 -0.9737553 0.98827872 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 1.00000000 0.9307176 -0.95781641 #> Flesch 0.93071764 1.0000000 -0.99656281 #> Flesch.PSK -0.95781641 -0.9965628 1.00000000 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.98561541 -0.9791403 0.99260681 #> Flesch.Kincaid FOG FOG.PSK FOG.NRI #> ARI 0.99828644 0.99534334 0.9980495 0.4905310 #> ARI.simple 0.99809662 0.99501238 0.9983218 0.4892834 #> Bormuth -0.98602857 -0.97973311 -0.9967939 -0.4571761 #> Bormuth.GP 0.89508980 0.88272558 0.9136641 0.3361798 #> Coleman -0.61241856 -0.62791369 -0.5401789 -0.4679026 #> Coleman.C2 -0.79335974 -0.80512019 -0.7376615 -0.5350724 #> Coleman.Liau -0.82550024 -0.83906193 -0.7749720 -0.5426918 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.82550024 0.83906193 0.7749720 0.5426918 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.82552702 0.83908765 0.7750026 0.5426992 #> Dale.Chall -0.98488025 -0.97841468 -0.9962621 -0.4549252 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.98488025 0.97841468 0.9962621 0.4549252 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.98488025 0.97841468 0.9962621 0.4549252 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99786963 0.99695239 0.9912643 0.5028375 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.34148774 -0.36653699 -0.2590925 -0.3671130 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99512741 -0.99112313 -0.9994543 -0.4649778 #> DRP 0.98602857 0.97973311 0.9967939 0.4571761 #> ELF 0.99727425 0.99443432 0.9938624 0.4952706 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.98561541 -0.97924413 -0.9966030 -0.4562044 #> Flesch -0.97914032 -0.98344165 -0.9567470 -0.5313693 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99260681 0.99454929 0.9775024 0.5208520 #> Flesch.Kincaid 1.00000000 0.99846226 0.9957626 0.4989686 #> FORCAST FORCAST.RGL Fucks Linsear.Write #> ARI 0.5784256 0.5784256 0.997730647 0.98324412 #> ARI.simple 0.5744257 0.5744257 0.998049346 0.98272675 #> Bormuth -0.4784167 -0.4784167 -0.997515204 -0.96316927 #> Bormuth.GP 0.3418689 0.3418689 0.919893732 0.88236447 #> Coleman -1.0000000 -1.0000000 -0.530595415 -0.65408730 #> Coleman.C2 -0.9578621 -0.9578621 -0.727965258 -0.81398206 #> Coleman.Liau -0.9027073 -0.9027073 -0.768184772 -0.84460735 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.9027073 0.9027073 0.768184772 0.84460735 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.9026909 0.9026909 0.768215251 0.84462952 #> Dale.Chall -0.4728710 -0.4728710 -0.997112805 -0.96173384 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.4728710 0.4728710 0.997112805 0.96173384 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.4728710 0.4728710 0.997112805 0.96173384 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.6320177 0.6320177 0.990775706 0.98940268 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.8922077 -0.8922077 -0.249745678 -0.39525523 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.5390065 -0.5390065 -0.999407002 -0.97750750 #> DRP 0.4784167 0.4784167 0.997515204 0.96316927 #> ELF 0.6127006 0.6127006 0.993623225 0.98844709 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.4768093 -0.4768093 -0.997402917 -0.96273644 #> Flesch -0.7524555 -0.7524555 -0.951964715 -0.98424870 #> Flesch.PSK 0.6991742 0.6991742 0.973922677 0.99144816 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.6124186 0.6124186 0.993989409 0.98967358 #> LIW nWS nWS.2 nWS.3 #> ARI 0.99534363 0.9716012 0.97550799 0.98501356 #> ARI.simple 0.99493616 0.9704382 0.97443531 0.98427247 #> Bormuth -0.97782198 -0.9362833 -0.94231463 -0.95970981 #> Bormuth.GP 0.88013733 0.8218265 0.82921349 0.85402853 #> Coleman -0.64151385 -0.7435480 -0.72971888 -0.68262459 #> Coleman.C2 -0.81448329 -0.8869623 -0.87759182 -0.84444185 #> Coleman.Liau -0.84663781 -0.9108590 -0.90420615 -0.87578843 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.84663781 0.9108590 0.90420615 0.87578843 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.84666264 0.9108773 0.90422529 0.87581059 #> Dale.Chall -0.97649153 -0.9339636 -0.94010518 -0.95786413 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.97649153 0.9339636 0.94010518 0.95786413 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.97649153 0.9339636 0.94010518 0.95786413 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99817496 0.9848656 0.98751970 0.99235519 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.37953455 -0.5077365 -0.49287612 -0.43696629 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99028645 -0.9594714 -0.96426773 -0.97697873 #> DRP 0.97782198 0.9362833 0.94231463 0.95970981 #> ELF 0.99591724 0.9767864 0.97966902 0.98635632 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.97739468 -0.9354875 -0.94154405 -0.95902099 #> Flesch -0.98395156 -0.9980699 -0.99747205 -0.99333954 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99452041 0.9961226 0.99702731 0.99774824 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.99764432 0.9808885 0.98398342 0.99180645 #> nWS.4 RIX Scrabble SMOG #> ARI 0.99487148 0.99222014 -0.0112182516 0.97393941 #> ARI.simple 0.99451326 0.99191614 -0.0093650938 0.97295999 #> Bormuth -0.97861519 -0.97704126 -0.0333496851 -0.94303306 #> Bormuth.GP 0.88101179 0.89115856 -0.0158199992 0.82113760 #> Coleman -0.63167564 -0.62921060 0.3522407942 -0.71333148 #> Coleman.C2 -0.80789970 -0.79924879 0.2472067525 -0.86811865 #> Coleman.Liau -0.84167664 -0.82960560 0.1918831342 -0.89524825 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.84167664 0.82960560 -0.1918831342 0.89524825 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.84170213 0.82963012 -0.1918617971 0.89526894 #> Dale.Chall -0.97726151 -0.97599601 -0.0354646177 -0.94089430 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.97726151 0.97599601 0.0354646177 0.94089430 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.97726151 0.97599601 0.0354646177 0.94089430 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.99686096 0.99500484 -0.0367962483 0.98460337 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.37128519 -0.35912065 0.3211432536 -0.47640589 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99039744 -0.98825075 -0.0143478880 -0.96367176 #> DRP 0.97861519 0.97704126 0.0333496851 0.94303306 #> ELF 0.99411156 0.99677384 -0.0411360767 0.97747350 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.97811285 -0.97683788 -0.0335901823 -0.94224804 #> Flesch -0.98430842 -0.97797435 0.1056725636 -0.99453689 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99497427 0.98969704 -0.0753648675 0.99489006 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.99823466 0.99457144 -0.0300226725 0.98304183 #> SMOG.C SMOG.simple SMOG.de Spache #> ARI 0.97457741 0.97393941 0.97393941 0.99099423 #> ARI.simple 0.97361454 0.97295999 0.97295999 0.99169343 #> Bormuth -0.94405248 -0.94303306 -0.94303306 -0.99996713 #> Bormuth.GP 0.82339465 0.82113760 0.82113760 0.92746308 #> Coleman -0.71131513 -0.71333148 -0.71333148 -0.47287100 #> Coleman.C2 -0.86636103 -0.86811865 -0.86811865 -0.68300831 #> Coleman.Liau -0.89368168 -0.89524825 -0.89524825 -0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.89368168 0.89524825 0.89524825 0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.89370243 0.89526894 0.89526894 0.72241463 #> Dale.Chall -0.94194286 -0.94089430 -0.94089430 -1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.94194286 0.94089430 0.94089430 1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.94194286 0.94089430 0.94089430 1.00000000 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.98509384 0.98460337 0.98460337 0.97829531 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.47358728 -0.47640589 -0.47640589 -0.18028533 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.96447120 -0.96367176 -0.96367176 -0.99638999 #> DRP 0.94405248 0.94303306 0.94303306 0.99996713 #> ELF 0.97820253 0.97747350 0.97747350 0.98451149 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.94328383 -0.94224804 -0.94224804 -0.99998999 #> Flesch -0.99442699 -0.99453689 -0.99453689 -0.92913685 #> Flesch.PSK 0.99503836 0.99489006 0.99489006 0.95657238 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.98356657 0.98304183 0.98304183 0.98488025 #> Spache.old Strain Traenkle.Bailer #> ARI 0.99099423 0.9976064239 -0.999223850 #> ARI.simple 0.99169343 0.9978635733 -0.999411499 #> Bormuth -0.99996713 -0.9959605646 0.995931694 #> Bormuth.GP 0.92746308 0.9201367937 -0.910151256 #> Coleman -0.47287100 -0.5461292792 0.549146837 #> Coleman.C2 -0.68300831 -0.7394040240 0.745171965 #> Coleman.Liau -0.72238083 -0.7744192348 0.785328440 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.72238083 0.7744192348 -0.785328440 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.72241463 0.7744490784 -0.785358433 #> Dale.Chall -1.00000000 -0.9954423736 0.995298661 #> Dale.Chall.old 1.00000000 0.9954423736 -0.995298661 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 1.00000000 0.9954423736 -0.995298661 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.97829531 0.9916468644 -0.993491902 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.18028533 -0.2608961180 0.274099704 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.99638999 -0.9987560895 0.999594489 #> DRP 0.99996713 0.9959605646 -0.995931694 #> ELF 0.98451149 0.9957646921 -0.994372531 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.99998999 -0.9958154056 0.995687365 #> Flesch -0.92913685 -0.9579641510 0.959086871 #> Flesch.PSK 0.95657238 0.9782782859 -0.979131224 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.98488025 0.9958824210 -0.996329486 #> Traenkle.Bailer.2 Wheeler.Smith meanSentenceLength #> ARI -0.7549178 0.99594813 0.99099423 #> ARI.simple -0.7514487 0.99583585 0.99169343 #> Bormuth 0.6663152 -0.98541527 -0.99996713 #> Bormuth.GP -0.5147186 0.89837506 0.92746308 #> Coleman 0.9206771 -0.61270055 -0.47287100 #> Coleman.C2 0.9574552 -0.79038825 -0.68300831 #> Coleman.Liau 0.9904793 -0.81342458 -0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.grade -0.9904793 0.81342458 0.72238083 #> Coleman.Liau.short -0.9904734 0.81345135 0.72241463 #> Dale.Chall 0.6611792 -0.98451149 -1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.old -0.6611792 0.98451149 1.00000000 #> Dale.Chall.PSK -0.6611792 0.98451149 1.00000000 #> Danielson.Bryan -0.7999586 0.99535015 0.97829531 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 0.8509255 -0.32598561 -0.18028533 #> Dickes.Steiwer 0.7195290 -0.99345440 -0.99638999 #> DRP -0.6663152 0.98541527 0.99996713 #> ELF -0.7636349 1.00000000 0.98451149 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson 0.6642605 -0.98524897 -0.99998999 #> Flesch 0.8800874 -0.97375531 -0.92913685 #> Flesch.PSK -0.8419885 0.98827872 0.95657238 #> Flesch.Kincaid -0.7757025 0.99727425 0.98488025 #> meanWordSyllables #> ARI 0.6762172 #> ARI.simple 0.6724762 #> Bormuth -0.5818750 #> Bormuth.GP 0.4479544 #> Coleman -0.9645525 #> Coleman.C2 -0.9629188 #> Coleman.Liau -0.9543023 #> Coleman.Liau.grade 0.9543023 #> Coleman.Liau.short 0.9542911 #> Dale.Chall -0.5763242 #> Dale.Chall.old 0.5763242 #> Dale.Chall.PSK 0.5763242 #> Danielson.Bryan 0.7259320 #> Danielson.Bryan.2 -0.8772134 #> Dickes.Steiwer -0.6393556 #> DRP 0.5818750 #> ELF 0.6978253 #> Farr.Jenkins.Paterson -0.5798330 #> Flesch -0.8376402 #> Flesch.PSK 0.7895116 #> Flesch.Kincaid 0.7091829 #> [ reached getOption("max.print") -- omitted 26 rows ]